Determination of Singular Solutions


Let ;       phai(x,y,dy/dx)=0

be a given differential equation and

let ;    f(x,y,c)=0

be its general solution .

Now it is known that the envelope of any family of curves

        f(x,y,c)=0  ----------  (1)

is contained in the locus obtained on eliminating ,    c      between  (1) and

[delta f(x,y,c)]/[delta c]=0  ---  (2)

Let this eliminate be ,

   sai (x,y)=0  ----------   (3)

As the elimination given by  (3)  may represent loci other than the envelope .

It is necessary to verify if any part of locus represented by  (3)  is or is not a solution of the given differential equation .


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